From public policies to academic initiatives towards electronic resources access in Brazil: the challenge of overcoming the shortage of resources while ensuring quality in academic research

  • Author(s): Estevão, Janete Saldanha Bach
  • Abstract: This paper aims to present the Brazilian efforts both from the government through public policies, as well as from university initiatives towards the access to electronic resources in Brazil, by creating digital repositories all over the country. This work reports the evolution of CAPES (Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel) Scientific Journals Gateway, an initiative to strengthen and foster academic research and graduate programs. CAPES is a foundation from the Ministry of Education of Brazil responsible for coordinating the Brazilian Postgraduate Program (Master and PhD levels). CAPES has played a decisive role in the success achieved by the Brazilian Postgraduate Program, not only by consolidating the current structure but also implementing the changes demanded by the progress of knowledge and ongoing needs of the Brazilian society. The present work shows how CAPES migrated from the paper-based subscription method in the 1990's, to an online-based system. Previously, offering unequal access to a maximum of 264 higher education institutions libraries at a cost of $21M/y for 8.000 journal subscriptions (including duplicated titles), and 15 years later, became a large consortium network assisting more than 424 universities, private and public research centers with democratic and simultaneous access. Currently, Capes has one of the largest scientific journal collection in the world with 37,000 full-text journals, 150,000 e-books, databases of theses and dissertations, statistics, technical standards, 11 exclusive patent bases and 126 bibliographical references bases at a cost of $63 m/y. Capes also comprises a selection of relevant scientific and technological information sources for free on the web. In 2013 the CAPES Gateway registered more than 100 million access (CAPES, 2014). Along with governmental efforts, many academic libraries in Brazil have been implementing digital repositories. According to the Ranking Web Repositories1, “one of the most promising ways to distribute the research output of the universities and research centers is to deposit scientific papers and related material at institutional or disciplinary repositories”. The ROAR (Registry of Open Access Repositories), which provides timely information about the growth and status of repositories throughout the world, listed 149 digital repositories in Brazil. Brazil is in the sixth position with 3,94% of the world production, behind the US, UK, Germany, Japan and Spain, nonetheless, leads the ranking in Latin America. Following a growing trend to provide quality scientific content, the digital repository initiative of the Federal University of Paraná (UFPR),author’s current employer, is distinguished. Among 45 Brazilian institutions that have digital repositories listed in the Web Ranking Repositories, the UFPR digital repository ranks third in the national ranking. In Latin America, it is ranked as fifth among 164 initiatives. Globally, stays in the 69th position out of 2,154 digital repositories. This background reflects the institutional digital repositories as an essential increase of information resources for libraries, mainly university libraries since it ensures access to scientific publications produced within the institution and provides resource sharing in the scientific communication area. This resource develops the scientific resource collections and as a consequence the information services in a sustainable way, at a low cost, two indispensable elements for Latin America and developing countries.

  • Portuguese Title: De políticas públicas às Iniciativas acadêmicas de acesso aos recursos eletrônicos no Brasil: o desafio em superar a escassez financeira e garantir a qualidade da pesquisa acadêmica
  • Author Affiliation: Universidade Federal do Paraná‏
  • Original Language: English, português
  • Spanish Title: Políticas públicas de iniciativas académicas para el acceso a los recursos electrónicos en Brasil: el reto de superar las carencias financieras y garantizar la calidad de la investigación académica
  • English Title: From public policies to academic initiatives towards electronic resources access in Brazil: the challenge of overcoming the shortage of resources while ensuring quality in academic research
  • Author Email: janete.estevao@ufpr.br
  • Conference: SALALM 60
  • Conference Host: Princeton University
  • Conference Dates: June 13-17, 2015
  • Conference Location: Princeton (N.J.)
  • Conference Panel: Panel 18. Virtual collections: issues in curation, management, and access
  • Presentation Date: June 16, 2015
  • Content Type: text, still image
  • License: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike
  • Media Type: computer
  • Carrier Type: online resource
  • Note: External link: https://drive.google.com/file/d/0ByNF5OLF2W-zdzdQWVVfMkNRUkE/view?pli=1
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