Sunday May 27th 2018




‘SALALM Blog’ Archives

Enlace Fellow shares her experience at SALALM 59

Nora Domínguez

Nora Domínguez, Centro de Información y Documentación: Instituto Centroamericano de Estudios Sociales y Desarrollo (INCEDES), e Instituto Guatemalteco Americano, (IGA)

Haber participado en SALALM fue un hecho de enorme satisfacción. Sabía de esta Comunidad Bibliotecaria desde mis años de estudiante de Licenciatura y muchos años después cuando  llegué a estudiar la Maestría de Bibliotecología a El Colegio de México, muchos de los profesores y profesionales de la Biblioteca Daniel Cosío Villegas habían participado.

Además, el Congreso de este Año estuvo dedicado a un tema de mucha actualidad y por ello suscitó un gran interés, la reconfiguración de la familia tradicional, el embate que ha tenido la crisis económica sobre las familias latinoamericanas provocando el aumento del flujo migratorio y las nuevas identidades que se están configurando.

Me sentí como en casa. Los colegas de SALALM fueron muy expresivos, recibí de todos muchas muestras de afecto por el hecho de haber sido la acreedora este año de la Beca Enlace, lo que para mí fue un alto honor y se convierte en un compromiso.

En mi carrera profesional éste fue un evento excepcional, porque me permitió intercambiar con colegas de diferentes universidades estadounidense y algunos colegas latinoamericanos y pude aprender de todos y conocer del quehacer de los archivos y bibliotecas a favor de la gestión de las colecciones latinoamericanas, mismas que atesoran con esmero.

El encuentro con los libreros también fue muy importante al constatar el trabajo conjunto de ellos con los bibliotecarios y el conocimiento que tienen de la producción literaria latinoamericana y el importante rol que juegan en la selección y adquisición de nuevas obras.

Deseo dedicar una mención especial a Roberto Delgadillo por su apoyo desde el momento que me notificaron había sido ganadora de la Beca Enlace y a Sócrates Silva por su acompañamiento, ya que estuvo atento a cada duda y a cada necesidad que surgía. Muchas gracias.


Print, Digital & Rare share stage @ Guadalajara’s 2013 International Book Fair

programa-de-la-fil-2013_126445.jpg_34417.670x503After 25 years of spending Thanksgiving weekend at the Guadalajara International Book Fair (FIL), it still surprises and overwhelms a veteran bibliographer. This, the most important book event in the Spanish-speaking world, will host over 100 U.S. librarians and countless other profesionales del libro for 10 days.

Intense airport-like security did not deter the many book enthusiasts who crowded the domestic and international aisles on opening day. Commenting on the traffic jams caused by the visit of Israel’s foreign minister, a local taxista noted that he preferred it all than to blame Mexico if anything were to happen to anyone in the VIP delegation representing this year’s FIL featured country. Ya con los narcos es suficiente, alluding to the constant drug-related violence that gives Mexico negative publicity abroad.

Pabellón-área-del-libro-electrónicoThis year FIL housed an active space for e-books with on-going presentations showcasing the latest electronic products. Will Mexican publishers sign-on this year? Indeed, Mexico lags behind Spain, Argentina, Colombia and Chile in e-book production. A vendor visiting FIL for the first time was amazed at the variety of publishers not yet available digitally, “I have lots of work awaiting me,” he confessed. We in the academic sector also await a more robust and stable digital content that our eager users expect. Even when the not so eager cling to paper, “los ebooks han llegado para quedarse,” said a fellow Mexican colleague. As they claim a growing presence in our bibliographic holdings, the challenge remains: how to archive them and make them available for future users.

The independent press seemed better represented than in previous years. In addition to the collective stand of Mexico’s “indies,” La Furia del Libro (which we had noted in late 2012) was included in the Chilean stand. Likewise, Colombia’s independent publishers were both at the collective national stand and had their own booth (also noted in an earlier posting this year).

Costa Rica, Ecuador and Peru had larger spaces than in previous years while Spain’s traditionally strong collective stand covered only a fraction of the country’s publishing output, a tangible sign of that country’s ongoing financial crisis. A colleague lamented the fact that Central America’s 2012 highly visible stand was no longer present, only Guatemala appeared to have a small booth.

Aisle “A” with multiple children’s literature offerings could attract the young and not so young. QCelogio2 And Mexico’s rich culinary tradition was highlighted in books on chiles rellenos from UNAM’s academic press, to a taco encyclopedia or a glossy book from Artes de Mexico, with a dust jacket suggesting anything but cocina mexicana!

Sometimes surprising finds were unexpected. While waiting for a colleague at the Argentine stand the iconic Mother of the Plaza de Mayo on a book cover caught my attention. Indeed, it was an award-winning children’s book: Abuelas con identidad. LIBRO ABUELAS CON IDENTIDAD

With an overwhelming series of events (conferences, book signings, concerts, etc) often the conversations were just starting to reach a high point when some arrived with a reminder that only a few minutes were left. Such was the case with a discussion of Cartas transpacíficas, an epistolary dialogue among two great public figures, the Lozoya brothers, one a diplomat educated in the US and the other a medical doctor who studied in the Soviet Union. “Tell them we’ll stay for their session and buy their book,” joked one of the panelists when told that the next group (in)patiently waited outside.

The exhibit Hebraica Texts at the Palafoxiana Libray, gathered unique treasures in honor of Israel as FIL’s featured country. The accompanying catalogue provided a window into the rich and unique holdings of Puebla’s noted rare book library.

LIAopeningEven outside the exhibit halls there were other book-related events. A group of bookarts supporters took a FIL break one afternoon to enjoy an exhibit of artist books. Favor de tocar showcased over 100 handcrafted books, product of a series of workshops hosted by Lia: Libro de Artista, a local collective of artists, printers and students of the art of the book.

FIL was to continue for several more days but an expected last minute excursion to the Instituto Cultural Cabañas closed my yearly visit to Guadalajara. Israeli photographer Gael de Cohen’s Amen presented 30 powerful images of Judaism, Christianity and Islam through the lives of ordinary Jerusalem citizens, all with an accompanying text that included the word Peace.
Libro de Texto Gratuito
Only a few doors down the hall Pintando la Educación showed 40 paintings from a variety of Mexican artists used to illustrate school textbooks. I still remember the emblematic cover of the patria from my elementary school days in Northern Mexico.

You can see images from a photo album by Mexican librarian Jesus Lau. Spain’s daily El Pais also provided special FIL-2013 coverage.

Adan Griego, Stanford University Libraries

Book Hunting at LIBER-Madrid 2013 and Beyond

1377457_10151690533372536_446472565_nAfter a two year absence both LIBER and SALALM librarians returned to Madrid for the annual book festival that alternates between Spain’s two largest cities. This year Chile was the featured country.

For me it all started several hours after arriving on a Sunday morning, ever so eager to discover the new librerías showcased in the daily El País. I had the advantage of a local tour guide to supplement the list: New York author Lawrence Schimel (who has lived in Madrid for more than a decade). We began with a stop at a small book store hosted by the NGO Grupo 2013. The afternoon ended with a visit to La Central de Callao, where we ran into Victoire Chevalier from e-libro and Lluís Pastor, president of the Unión de Editoriales Universitarias Españolas! Never say that print and digital don’t go hand in hand. The contrast between both locales could not be more different: Libros Libres, overflowing with loosely organized used books and a more upscale clientele at one of the newest bookshops in Madrid with 4 floors where you could spend a day with a relaxing cup of café con leche.

The second day in Madrid started at Librería Berkana in the Chueca neighborhood, where signs of an ongoing financial crisis are very visible: empty store fronts and people begging for money. A year ago, Mili Hernández, activist, publisher and bookshop owner proudly announced at a panel discussion that e-books would soon be part of her publishing output. She has listened to suggestions from librarians and plans to make them available via digital platforms familiar to library users.

The day’s book hunting continued to the Antonio Machado bookshop by the Círculo de Bellas Artes museum. The current photo exhibit on Francesc Català-Roca will have to wait until the next day. A 2pm lunch was still far away in the agenda, allowing for a stop across the street at the Catalan Cultural Center. Only two weeks earlier the Center’s bookstore had been attacked by far right extremists during the celebrations of Catalan independence day, highlighting the political tensions between Madrid’s central government and Barcelona’s plight for a home-rule referendum.

996622_10151688743247536_1498869184_nThe annual Fall Antiquarian Book Fair was only a block away, providing a logical end to a morning full of novedades and some not so new book titles, but certainly new Stanford’s library. Perhaps this year we will reach the record 1,800 new approval titles from Spain! In yet another sign of a struggling economy, this time there were fewer stands that would have covered up to three blocks of the pedestrian mall of Paseo de Recoletos, the tree-lined boulevard in the central part of the city. But it’s lunch time and I’ve been waiting for long time, if only there were a place with comida casera!

My first full day ended with an early tapas dinner at Plaza de Santa Ana where I met a library colleague who alerted me to an interesting digital project: Biblioteca Digital del Patrimonio Iberoamericano. The last time I visited this popular square there was an outdoor asamblea popular held by the original occupiers: the 2011 indignados, precusors to the Occupy Wall Street movement.

LIBER opens in one day and there are still plenty of book shops to visit. This time is on to Malasaña where Arrebato Libros houses an extensive selection of poetry chapbooks and fanzines, certainly something an Almodovar movie character would enjoy and may just walk-in at anytime! Alfonso Vijil (Libros Latinos) will take several items and Stanford’s library will see its cartonero holdings augmented with a long list of titles from one of Spain’s alternative publishers of hand-made cardboard books. The excursion would not be complete without a stop-over at La Estampa art gallery. Its Biblioteca Americana has published 10 profusely illustrated limited edition fine books devoted to a Latin American country, with several more to come before the series is complete.

It’s time for lunch but with lots of energy the two SALAMIstas will continue to the Antiquarian book fair, which remains open during the sacred hora de la comida that still closes many commercial establishments. Congress is considering a move to another time zone, which would bring structural changes to the country’s traditionally late eating hours compared to the rest of Europe.

For dinner it would be a second visit for the best home-made gazpacho at Marsot. To top it all, they welcome everyone with hola chicos!. For those that have crossed the 50-something barrier, that’s a gem of a greeting, n’est-ce pas?

Finally, on to LIBER. Mili Hernandez has offered a ride and since all of us are not quite familiar with the new locale, the prospect of getting lost, but in good company is most appealing. Besides, the ride comes with an unforgettable lesson in local politics from one of the country’s best known activists who does not shy away from criticizing cultural policies from the current conservative government.

Digitization project of the Novela Mundial series at CU-Boulder

La Novela Mundial is a series of popular fiction that was published by Rivadeneyra (S.A.) in Madrid, Spain between 1926 and 1928, during the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera. Among many collections of short literature and other publications, La Novela Mundial represents one of the larger collections of the period before the Spanish Civil War.[1] Similar to “dime store” books, these were known as “novelas de kiosko,” because they were sold in newsstands, most for between 30 and 50 cents. The series includes novellas and plays with beautiful color illustrations on the cover and black and white illustrations throughout. The aim of this series was to make international literature available to a wide audience, but most authors were Spanish.[2] They included Leopoldo García-Alas y Ureña (Clarín) and members of la generación del 98 like Ramón María del Valle-Inclán and Manuel Bueno.

The University of Colorado at Boulder (CU) has a small collection of paperbacks from this series. I worked with Alison Hicks to select the Novela Mundial series from amongst some other collections that had been uncataloged for years. The short novels and plays were purchased as part of a large collection in the ‘90s but hadn’t been processed yet. Alison had discovered them in a box sitting next to a photocopier! During my practicum at CU-Boulder, I assisted in the digitization of 12 of these short novels. There were many stages of the process, and I was directly involved in most of them.

2013-02-16 14.43.51

I began by conducting research to find out if any of the volumes in our collection were already available online from another source like Google Books, HathiTrust, the Biblioteca Nacional de España (BNE), or The Internet Archive.  Next, I looked into copyright. I was not sure at first if I should be looking at U.S. laws, Spanish laws, or European Union laws. We eventually found that only four of the twelve novels we were going to digitize were out of copyright and could be made publically available. I prepared a proposal for the digitization of these books and Alison and I met with the librarian who is the head of Digital Initiatives at CU. The head approved our proposal, she had the manager of the Digital Initiatives Lab and the Metadata Specialist begin their work simultaneously, and she began preparations of the online interface for viewing the collection.

Alison found a scholarly bookabout this collection in the Norlin Stacks, La novela mundial: introducción y estudio de la colección por Alberto Sánchez Álvarez-Insúa con catalogación por Ma. del Carmen Santamaría Barceló. While I scanned some of the books in the Digital Initiatives Lab in Norlin Library, I was able to review the scholarly book as well as do some online research about the authors and the social and historical contexts of this series. Over the next two months, I learned how to scan, process, and perform optical character recognition (OCR) on the images of the pages of the books. For these tasks I used CU’s Epson Expression 10000 XL flatbed scanner with its factory software as well as Adobe® Photoshop® and ABBYY® FineReader.

During the scanning I discovered a flyer that had been stuck in between pages of a book. The flier was 7 years younger than the book, so it appeared as if someone had stuck it between the pages as a bookmark. It had a date on it, Thursday, July 13, and names of saints whose day it was. It also had some information about the sun and moon rising, highest, and setting points in time. On the back of this flyer were two quotes from well-known Spanish writers. It was a strange piece of ephemera, but Alison and I were able to determine its age and a little bit of information about the saints that were listed.

During the OCR process while proofreading in Spanish, I had a lot of questions about best practices for editing the text of a book. I wasn’t sure if it was more important to make sure the text matched the original printing or fixing grammatical errors. I sent my questions to the lab manager, Alison, and the Digital Initiatives head who had approved our proposal. Ultimately, we determined that the OCR text that overlays the image should reflect the original text. I was then able to provide the lab manager with some guidelines to the lab manager about how students, even monolingual ones, could continue the OCR work.

After finishing my time in the lab, I met with the Cataloger and Metadata Specialist to discuss improving the metadata for this collection. We discussed how he would use the MARC records in the catalog to crosswalk them into a format that he could use and eventually upload to CU’s Digital Content Management System. Although my time at CU was coming to a close, I still was able to provide English summaries of the collection and each novel to include in the Digital Library’s record. You can find the collection and records here. Similar works and additional titles of this series are available from HathiTrust’s Archive.

In addition to working on this digitization Project, I also assisted with a collection development project for the Latino Studies materials at Norlin Library, provided research desk service, assisted in Spanish classroom instruction for undergraduates, and had an all around outstanding experience. My thanks to Alison Hicks and all of the wonderful librarians at CU-Boulder for their support.

[1] Sánchez Álvarez-Insúa, Alberto and Santarmaría Barceló, Ma. del Carmen. La Novela Mundial: Introducción y Estudio de la Colección. Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 1997. Print.

[2] Ibid.

Enlace Fellows share their experiences at SALALM 58

Asistir a SALALM 2013 es un encuentro bibliotecario interesante porque es un lugar en dónde se reúnen los bibliotecario de las diferentes bibliotecas para tratar archivos y documentación sobre Latino América.

Para la Red de Bibliotecas Comunitarias Riecken ha sido un privilegio por compartir en estas conferencias lo que hacemos para facilitar información en comunidades rurales, la promoción de la lectura y fortalecimiento de la cultura e identidad de pueblos originarios. Pero al mismo tiempo conocer el esfuerzo que hace para preservar y compartir información latinoamericana entre universidades.

Es un evento importante para poder compartir información sobre publicaciones de la región; se puede generar acercamientos a universidades para generar intercambio latinoamericano; la diversidad de los contenidos de las conferencias están organizadas de tal manera que los bibliotecarios pueden llegar a las conferencias que más le interesa. Hay intercambio y se proponen pasos a seguir para mejorar el trabajo de las secciones latinoamericanas.

Cuando tengas oportunidad de llegar a este evento, no dudes en ir te va a encantar, no olvides llevarte una maleta para cargar nuevas ideas e información para tu trabajo bibliotecario.

Marco Israel Quic Cholotío, Bibliotecas Comunitarias Riecken, Guatemala


“Enseñar no es una función vital, porque no tienen el fin en sí misma;
la función vital es aprender.”

Tener la oportunidad de presentar la ponencia titulada “Aproximación al tesauro del huipil tradicional triqui de San Andrés Chicahuaxtla” y haber sido seleccionada para recibir la beca de Enlace fue muy importante debido a diversos aspectos.

El primero es que esta fue desarrollada a partir de un trabajo que elaboré como tesis de maestría que no había sido presentado en ningún otro lugar, fue mi primer participación en un congreso y mi primer ponencia de manera  formal, además pude contar con los recursos necesarios para realizar el viaje y tuve  la posibilidad de dar a conocer, aunque sea de manera muy general, el pueblo indígena triqui y un poco de todo el trabajo que las tejedoras triquis me compartieron para poder llevar a cabo el proyecto.

Durante seis días pude conocer procesos y proyectos de información y documentación que se están llevando a cabo o que ya se realizaron en o desde diferentes unidades de información (Bibliotecas, museos, centros de investigación, etc.), muchos de ellos desde la iniciativa de bibliotecarios,  en y desde diferentes países y que para mí en lo personal y para mi trabajo profesional son de mucha utilidad, trascendencia e importancia debido principalmente a la temática, y que de otro modo difícilmente habría identificado.

Pero lo más importante de todo, es que pude comprobar algo… siempre he creído que la bibliotecología en la actualidad requiere de profesionistas dispuestos a trabajar a partir de la interdisciplinariedad, con apertura hacia el uso y manejo de tecnologías, con amplio conocimiento de la profesión, con iniciativa, con visión y amplia creatividad y con conciencia de que ser bibliotecario tiene como uno de sus principios el bien común, y esto lo pude vivir muy de cerca en el seminario.

Gracias por la oportunidad.

Patricia Alejandra Méndez Zapata, Biblioteca Fray Juan de Córdova, Centro Académico y Cultural San Pablo, Fundación Alfredo Harp Helú, Oaxaca, México.

La Industria Editorial de México en el “Global Market Forum” de BookExpo America 2013

BookExpo no es la feria más apropiada para un bibliotecario latinoamericanista. Destinos como las ferias del libro de Guadalajara, Buenos Aires y Bogotá son mucho más fructíferos para encontrar nuevos títulos, conectar con editores y familiarizarse con nuevas tendencias en la industria editorial latinoamericana.

Este año, BookExpo nos ofrecía algo de interés. Su “Global Market Forum” se centraba en la industria editorial mexicana. Esta ocasión ofrecía una excelente oportunidad para dialogar sobre la situación actual del libro mexicano en la feria del libro más importante de Estados Unidos de América.  El programa se presentaba bajo el lema “Reading México

El programa de conferencias tuvo lugar el 29 de Mayo.  Se comenzó ofreciendo un panorama de la industria editorial mexicana. Interesantes los datos ofrecidos por Roberto Banchik Rothschild (Random House Mondadori): el 70% de las ventas de libros se concentran en seis editoriales globales: Planeta, Santillana, Oceano, Random House Mondadori, Ediciones B y Urano.   Al 30% restante, se dedicó la siguiente sesión centrada en editoriales independientes mexicanas representadas  por editores con diversos años de experiencia en el oficio: Marcelo Uribe (Ediciones Era), Diego Rabasa (Sexto Piso) y Guillermo Quijas (Almadía). En algún momento de la charla, se señaló que la media de títulos publicados por una editorial independiente mexicana ronda los 25.  Esta cifra me hizo reflexionar sobre la inexistencia de al menos una copia de estos libros en las bibliotecas estadounidenses. Estamos hablando de pocos títulos. Por lo tanto, esto no es un problema de fondos para su adquisición como de una necesidad de una mejor coordinación y un aumento de los programas de desarrollo de colecciones cooperativos.

Dos de las sesiones de la tarde se dedicaron a la cadena del libro y a proyectos digitales.  Con respecto al primer tema, se habló de todo el proceso de producción y distribución. Me resultó sorprendente que no se tratara la cuestión de la distribución de libros electrónicos desde México al resto del mundo.  Me pregunto si esto significa que la única manera de conseguir libros electrónicos mexicanos será a través de las grandes compañías que ofrecen servicios bibliotecarios en Estados Unidos (EBSCO, Proquest-Ebrary- , Overdrive) o especializadas en libros en español u otras lenguas como Casalini y Digitalia. ¿Se puede permitir el ecosistema del libro mexicano el lujo de ignorar este eslabón de la cadena del libro?  ¿Podrá así sobrevivir su diversidad? ¿Quién distribuirá aquellos libros mexicanos independientes que no sean rentables para las grandes compañías? Preguntas todavía sin respuestas. Durante la sesión dedicada a proyectos digitales, Gustavo Flores presentó una serie de interesantes proyectos en curso concebidos por CONACULTA. Asimismo, Maurits Montañez mostró algunas de las excelentes aplicaciones para dispositivos móviles que ha creado la empresa Manuvo como la versión interactiva del poema “Muerte Sin Fin” de José Gorostiza.

Stand de México en BookExpo 2013

40 editoriales participaron en el stand de México.  La sensación subjetiva al pasear por el stand era que la mayor parte de las publicaciones eran de CONACULTA y del Fondo de Cultura Económica. La diversidad de la industria editorial Mexicana se notaba con la presencia de Almadía, Trilce y algunas más pero el número de títulos de las editoriales independientes era exiguo. De todas maneras, es digno de agradecer la presencia de algunas joyitas presentes como la obra “Migrar” de José Manuel Mateo y Javier Martínez Pedro publicado por ediciones Tecolote que narra la experiencia de un niño en su camino migrante a Estados Unidos. Un libro que debería formar parte no sólo de bibliotecas infantiles sino también de bibliotecas académicas. Y la obra “El libro negro de los colores” de Merena Cottin y Rosana Fría publicado también por ediciones Tecolote . Un hermoso libro, todo negro, con dibujos en relieve y que incluye el texto en lenguaje Braille.

Jesús Alonso-Regalado

University at Albany, SUNY


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