‘SALALM Blog’ Archives
Here’s a little backstory behind the recent news that the ALA Council approved a resolution to change the subject heading “Illegal Aliens” to “Undocumented Immigrants”:
In February 2014, a broad-based coalition of student activists at Dartmouth College carried out a series of protests on campus. These students co-authored a document called the “Freedom Budget” which proposed change in eight different areas of campus life. Among the points was a provision for the removal of offensive language from the library’s discovery systems – most notably, the subject heading “Illegal Aliens.” This point was raised by a subgroup of student activists, the Dartmouth Coalition for Immigration Reform, Equality and DREAMers (Co-FIRED).
A group of Dartmouth librarians met with Co-FIRED members and over the course of discussion, alighted on the thought of the students and the library jointly undertaking a proposal to change the subject heading through Dartmouth’s membership in SACO, the Subject Authorities Cooperative of the Library of Congress. Together they gathered research and prepared the proposal. It was submitted to the Library of Congress in July 2014. Unfortunately, the proposal was eventually denied. The Library of Congress Policy and Standards Division, the body which considers SACO proposals, gave the following explanation of why the proposals were not approved:
“Undocumented immigrants [and five related proposals]
This proposal was made to change the wording of the existing heading Illegal aliens to Undocumented immigrants. Illegal aliens is an inherently legal heading, and as such the preference is to use the legal terminology. The U.S. Code, Title 8, Aliens and Nationality, uses the terminology “illegal aliens.” In addition, the 9th edition of Black’s Law Dictionary includes the headword “illegal alien” with a cross-reference from “undocumented alien.” The Legislative Indexing Vocabulary used by the Congressional Research Service follows suit by authorizing the heading “Illegal aliens,” with a reference from “Undocumented aliens.” The meeting also notes that in some legal systems, a person may be an undocumented alien without being in a jurisdiction illegally; general works on undocumented legal aliens are covered by the heading Aliens. Finally, Immigrants – the proposed broader term for the revised heading – is not an inherently legal heading. Mixing an inherently legal concept with one that is not inherently legal leads to problems with the structure and maintenance of LCSH, and makes assignment of headings difficult.
All of the above argue against revising the heading. A UF Undocumented aliens was added to the record in 1993 to provide additional access, and reflects the fact that the common terminology is fluid.
The proposals were not approved.”
In this case, the principle that LCSH terms for groups of people should not be pejorative is in conflict with LC’s stated need to use the terminology that appears in the U.S. Code.
Having recently been appointed to the CaMMS Subject Analysis Committee (known as SAC, the charge of which is to “study problems and recommend improvements in patterns, methods, and tools for the subject and genre/form analysis and organization of library materials, including particularly classification and subject headings systems”), Tina Gross contacted John DeSantis, the Dartmouth cataloger who had worked on the proposal, to ask if it would be helpful to raise the issue with SAC. At the SAC meeting at ALA Annual 2015, the committee agreed that a larger discussion was warranted. At the Midwinter 2016 meeting, SAC voted to form a working group charged with investigating and providing a report.
Also at Midwinter 2016, Tina Gross submitted the Resolution on Replacing the Library of Congress Subject Heading “Illegal Aliens” with “Undocumented Immigrants,” written in collaboration with others (and with input from Sandy Berman), to the Social Responsibilities Round Table(SRRT), which voted to bring the resolution forward for consideration by ALA Council. Members of REFORMA, EMIERT, and SALALM helped spread the word and garner support. The resolution was also supported by the Intellectual Freedom Committee (IFC), the Intellectual Freedom Round Table(IFRT), and SAC, and it passed at ALA Council nearly unanimously on January 12, 2016.
Jill Baron and Tina Gross
My first book buying trip happened without any strategic planning. A friend of a friend had an airline ticket for two people that was about to expire and I jumped at the opportunity to travel to Guadalajara, a city I had never visited in Mexico. Mine would be accommodating expenses at a modest hotel. I had a vague idea about a book fair going on during those dates but not much else. Little did I know that I was about to embark on one of the most transformative experiences any novice Latin American Studies librarian could ask for: attending Guadalajara’s Feria Internacional del Libro (FIL).
Guided by a generous friend, Professor Sarah Poot Herrera, I remember arriving at the entrance of FIL just as the famous Mexican writer Juan Jose Arreola was greeted by locals who had gathered to felicitate him as the winner of the Juan Rulfo Literary Award. Arreola had been my friend’s teacher and mentor. They greeted each other with a warm embrace, Felicidades Maestro, she said and then she introduced me to him. I could not say anything beyond mucho gusto. Later I remember feeling like a character from Arreola’s famous short story that takes a train to an unknown destiny as I entered FIL’s exhibit hall: an unexplored world inhabited books.
The following year I asked my supervisor for permission to attend FIL and purchase a few books. There was so much excitement when she agreed that I had not even contemplated logistics to ship materials back to the Library, so I carried them in my suitcases. The $600 spent would probably have taken twice as much from my constantly diminishing budget. It was during the grim years of the early 1990′s California economy. The FIL trip was one of the few rays of hope I remember from that period.
Since those early FIL days, I have attended other book fairs over the years: Barcelona and Madrid (for LIBER), Bogota, Buenos Aires, Lima, Mexico City, Santiago and Brazil’s Bienal do Livro in Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo.
*In Santiago one year Brazil was the featured country and the person in charge of the stand had heard about SALALM from a former colleague in Rio de Janeiro and gave me several publications with little commercial distribution. This has also been the case in both Bogota and Guadalajara with governmental agencies that cannot sell their publications and are pleased to know that libraries in the United States are eager to collect them. Some of them remember me and other library colleagues from year to year.
*As part of the first group of US Librarians sponsored by LIBER in 1999, I discovered a peripheral but vibrant LGBT publishing industry in Madrid that was not being covered by vendors supplying research materials to North American libraries.
*One year Sao Paulo publishers announced a Primavera dos Livros and I convinced colleagues from UCLA and UNC-Chapel Hill to attend. After a long silence from organizers, we found out the event had been cancelled. It was too late to cancel our trip and collectively we organized our very our Spring Book Fair with tips from other colleagues who had visited Brazil.
*In both Lima and Bogota I have visited non-governmental organizations (NGOs) whose ephemeral publications had limited print runs and an equally limited distribution. Even when freely available online, uncertainty about long term availability remained a critical issue. This was the key argument in securing a print copy for our library.
*At several of the book fairs, it was not usual to hear “get it now,” from a publishers and vendors. I was skeptical until I saw at the end of most books that 1,000 was the typical print run and in some cases, even half that much. Indeed, many titles have a limited public life: a book fair, a presentación at a bookstore, perhaps an ad in a cultural magazine and then unsold copies disappear and vendors reply to our constant claims for an unfilled order as descatalogado or agotado, indicating out-of-print. As the price of paper has increased, unsold copies are often shredded and the paper is recycled.
*In Buenos Aires one year several SALALM colleagues visited the Eloisa Cartonera workshop when the hand-made cartonero books were barely in the collecting horizon for academic libraries.
*At a recent LIBER book fair several librarians visited the Arrebato Libros book shop which specializes in poetry, fanzines and chapbooks, research materials absent from traditional vendor channels. LIBER also has a parallel antiquarian book fair both in Madrid and Barcelona that allows not only for out-of-print searching but also a learning experience to both novice and veteran librarians.
*On-site specialty bookshops (Librería de Mujeres in Buenos Aires) or timely topics (the ongoing polemic for Catalan independence from Spain) provide an oppurtunity for unique collection development.
*In the last few years Guadalajara has also hosted La Otra FIL for alternative publishers and the LIA artist book fair, both independent events augment collecting possibilities.
*Our collective presence at book fairs has made it possible to facilitate dialogue with publishers and content providers and influence a digital offer suited to our libraries.
At all of these book fairs, vendors supplying books to our libraries have also been in attendance. Not only do they facilitate shipping of materials, they also learn first-hand what are the shifting scholarly trends.
I have attended presentaciones de libros, participated in local library conferences that have coincided with book fairs and spoken at panel discussions explaining book distribution channels to local vendors. Each of these experiences has been as enriching as that accidental first book fair attendance of 1992.
Adan Griego is Curator for Latin American, Mexican-American and Iberian Collections at the Stanford University Libraries.
The couple next to me cannot contain their enthusiasm: Chile’s has won the Copa America. “I also had to watch the game in English,” says the LAN flight attendant, equally excited. I don’t want to ruin their festive moment with a comment on the dark history of the national stadium where the game was played, also used as mass detention center in the early days of the Pinochet dicatatorship.
Instead, I tell them I saw the results online while preparing for a trip to Lima’s Peru Service Summit that would match local publishers and software developers (among others) to meet with potential compradores. It’s not the first time that librarians have been labeled as buyers, as much as we would like to be known as agentes culturales, or profesionales de la informacion, maybe even intermediarios del conocimiento.
It’s been more than ten years since my last visit to Lima, which now-a-days seems to be a top culinary destination, according reports as varied as a business daily, and even a men’s magazine.
The morning will start in the Miraflores section of the Peruvian capital with a tour by a local limeña. She understands my bibliographic obsessions. The first visit will be to Promsex: Centro de Promocion y Defensa de los Derechos Sexuales y Reproductivos, a well-established NGO that has issued several reports on women’s reproductive rights and LGBT issues. Their publications are now fully available online and are deposited at the country’s national library, much like any other local print publication with an ISBN. The limited print run of 500 copies is also distributed throughout the country, reaching those areas with limited internet access. We meet one of the group’s leaders who shares our concern for documenting the history of LGBT groups and other like entities.
The next stop will be the iconic El Virrey bookshop. My friend asks about some recent publications: Crónicas de la diversidad and Dulce Fanzin. The sales clerk recognized the first one, but the other one appears to have a somewhat erratic distribution, although it’s already been noted by other online publications. He directs us to La Libre, a book shop at Barranco, on the other side of town. Not wanting to wear out my host, I opt to come back later. I can spend hours on end, but there are more pressing matters, like a much deserved lunch break.
In search of a well-known restaurant, which is closed on Mondays, of course, we opted for another one across the street. There were only two tables left so the food must be good. The traditional lomo saltado, even with my dislike for onions, turned out to be as tasty as the one prepared by a good Peruvian friend back in California, “with the secret sazón of my grandmother,” she always noted.
The recent New York Times 36 hours travel section includes Barranco as one of the must-visit sections of Lima. We arrive one day too late, the independent presses have just had their first book fair and the bookshop we are searching for is closed on Mondays! What are we to do? Un buen cafecito…of course!
My friend suggests a traditional Barranco locale, where I ask for a café con leche. The owner says they don’t serve such a thing, nada mas café solo, he clariefies! That other one can be found by the opposite side of the park, without naming the well-known American chain with an “S.” Not my idea to savor something local, but we find a most unexpected place at an old train car converted into a coffee shop/restaurant where they do have café con leche.
The afternoon will end with a visit to Librería Inestable, already highlighted by Spain’s daily El País. I select several poetry chapbooks, some of which are missing a price. Since the owner is out of town, I will have to return a few days later.
For the next book hunting recorrido there will be three of us, Teresa Chapa (UNC-Chapel Hill) and Phil MacLeod (Emory), starting at Sur. We probably drove the sales clerk crazy with so many questions. The young man answered politely and patiently before we left, each with at least a book bag.
From there it would be to Barranco again, and La Libre has just opened for business. We spoke each other’s language…ours was probably their best sale ever. Hopefully it helped make up for the loss from a break-in of a few weeks earlier.
A Lima visit could not be complete without cebiche, and that was our next stop: Canta Rana just around the corner. Some local friends had other suggestions but that day we were lucky that Phil Macleod went ahead of us to get a table because there was already a growing line to find a seat. Even our lunch hour could not be complete without some book business. We were joined by the publisher of Paracaídas Editores. He was probably not expecting to sell all his books in one seating! Thanks to fellow SALALM member José Ignacio Padilla for the contact.
We are already running late for our next appointment on the other side of town at the Instituto de Estudios Peruanos where fellow SALALM librarian Virginia García is awaiting us. They also have a bookshop! From there, the taxi will bring us back to Miraflores to Contracultura, a graphic novel paradise where we will add more book bags. It’s past 7pm and the traffic is already heavy, if not would have visited one more shop before calling it a day.
Tomorrow is the start of two intense days of meetings with publishers at the Peru Service Summit. There will be the usual question about buying directly from a publisher and our explanation on the added services that a distributor can provide. Of course, there are always discoveries, like another independent press, with a most suggestive name Animal de invierno…or the press with profusely illustrated texts that are more than just another coffee table book.
Before embarking on the long flight back to California, there would be one more stop at our distributor’s office to review books not sent via our approval plan and check on new publishers discovered through a few days of book hunting in Lima. Both Teresa Chapa and Phil MacLeod will stay longer and visited a book shop recommended by Virgina at the Instituo de Estudios Peruanos. Communitas was not too far from our hotel and they both went on the day I was heading to the airport through an unending sea of Friday afternoon traffic. I am sure they will report on their treasure hunt!
Stanford University Libraries.
Dear colleagues, I was too shocked at our opening session to offer an acceptable thank you for honoring “Cite Globally, Analyze Locally: Citation Analysis from a Local Latin American Studies Perspective” with the José Toribio Medina Award. I share the award with a hard working student, Marina Todeschini, who collected an enormous amount of data to help me make a case for Spanish and Portuguese-language book collections at UNM. Claire-Lise Bénaud and Sever Bordeianu were patient editors and wonderful mentors. Marina and I could not have accomplished the research without generous funding from the Latin American and Iberian Institute and the Research Allocations Committee at UNM. We are also grateful to College and Research Libraries’ reviewers and editor, Scott Walter, for taking a chance on a very specifically focused article. Most importantly, we thank the committee and Jesus Alonso-Regalado (and any other unidentified nominator) for finding this article worthy of such distinction. We are humbled and I (Suzanne) am grateful to be part of this community. Obrigadão
Welcome to Princeton! This ready-reference guide will help you navigate the conference.
- There is a taxi stand on Nassau Street across from Nassau Hall (near Palmer Square), and also at Princeton Station (the “Dinky”), where taxis are available mostly during rush hour.
- See the Princeton public transit website for more information.
- The Central and 701 Carnegie shuttle lines run from Firestone Library through the heart of campus. May be convenient for attendees who are staying in the dorms.
- Summer schedules are available online. You can follow the shuttle routes in real time using the TigerTracker app.
Maps and tours
SALALM 60 conference map
- Google map of conference venues and local attractions.
Princeton Campus Tours
- The student-run Orange Key guide service provides year-round, one-hour campus tours. Reservations are not required for individuals or groups of fewer than 10. Please check the schedule for the beginning location of tours during the summer.
- See the campus tours website for more information.
- Conference participants will be able to enter Firestone and branch libraries by showing their conference name badge at the security desk.
- Hotel accommodations for SALALM 60.
- Dormitory accommodations for SALALM 60.
- Primary venue for the conference. Registration will be in the East Pyne Lobby.
Chancellor Green Hall
- The Libreros’ Exhibit will be held in the Chancellor Green Rotunda and “Upper Hyphen” (the corridor connecting Chancellor Green to East Pyne).
- Monday at 9:00am: McCosh 50 is the site of the Opening Session.
- Tuesday at 10:45am: McCormick 101 is the site of the keynote address. Tuesday at 3:00pm: Town Hall Meeting.
- Monday at 7:00pm: Prospect House is the site of the Host Reception.
- Tuesday at 6:00pm: Whitman College Class of 1963 Courtyard is the site of the Libreros’ Reception.
Chancellor Green Cafe
- Located on the lower level rotunda of Chancellor Green, Chancellor Green Cafe serves coffee, tea, and snacks. On Saturday and Sunday, the cafe will be open from 8:30am to 2:30pm.
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- 172 Nassau Street, Princeton, NJ 08542
- (609) 683-1391
- Princeton’s independent bookstore.
- 122 Nassau Street, Princeton, NJ 08542
- Labyrinth Books site
- (609) 497-1600
Mandalay Trading Co
- If you’re looking for gifts or trinkets, Mandalay Trading Company is the place to go! Stock up here on fun odds and ends.
- 26 Witherspoon Street, Princeton, NJ 08542
- Mandalay Trading Co
- (609) 921-9068
- Open 24/7, the Wa, as it is affectionately called by students, is a place to grab quick snacks or food. Located by Princeton Station.
- 152 Alexander Street, Princeton, NJ 08540
- (609) 924-2845
Whole Earth Center
- “Princeton’s Homegrown Natural Foods Grocery.”
- 360 Nassau Street, Princeton, NJ 08540
- Whole Earth Center site
- (609) 924-7429
Whole Foods Market
- 3495 U.S. 1, Princeton, NJ 08540
- (609) 799-2919
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- Frist Campus Center has a “food gallery” with a variety of fast-food options, as well as Café Vivian, a vegan-friendly restaurant offering organic, sustainable and local food in a relaxed, environmentally conscious atmosphere.
- Frist Campus Center Dining
- One of the favorite sandwich haunts of Princeton students! An essential Princeton experience.
- 242 Nassau Street, Princeton, NJ 08542
- Hoagie Haven site
- (609) 921-7723
Infini-T Tea Cafe & Spice Souk
- A vegan cafe and tea shop, Infini-T prides itself on importing some of the most varied and iconic kinds of tea.
- 4 Hulfish Street, Princeton, NJ 08542
- Infini-T Cafe site
- (609) 454-3959
- A perfect spot for breakfast. Sit on Nassau Street and see the town come to life.
- 20 Nassau Street, Princeton, NJ 08542
- Jammin’ Crepes site
- (609) 924-5387
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Despaña Restaurant & Tapas Cafe
- Looking for Iberian food? Look no further! One of Princeton’s only tapas cafes with Spanish cuisine, this is a fun place to try new flavors.
- 235 Nassau Street, Princeton, NJ 08540
- Despaña site
- (609) 921-2992
- One of the few quality authentic Chinese restaurants in Princeton. Order your own dish or try eating family style.
- 238 Nassau Street, Princeton, NJ 08542
- (609) 921-2388
- Vegan friendly.
- 19 Chambers Street, Princeton, NJ 08542
- Masala Grill site
- (609) 921-0500
Mehek Fine Indian Dining
- One of the hidden gems of Princeton; located below street level on Nassau, Mehek boasts some of the finest Indian cuisine in the town.
- 164 Nassau Street, Princeton, NJ 08542
- Mehek site
- (609) 279-9191
- A high quality Italian restaurant on Witherspoon; lovely for a dinner with colleagues or friends. BYOB.
- 25 Witherspoon Street, Princeton, NJ 08542
- Mezzaluna site
- (609) 688-8515
- If you’re looking to order in, try Naked Pizza. They have everything from standard to vegan options.
- 180 Nassau Street, Princeton, NJ 08542
- Naked Pizza site
- (609) 924-4700
Mo C Mo C Japanese Cuisine
- Stop in for a Japanese dinner with friends. Vibrant atmosphere.
- 14 South Tulane Street, Princeton, NJ 08542
- Mo C Mo C site
- (609) 688-8788
- Korean cuisine. Closer to dorms.
- 244 Alexander Street, Princeton, NJ 08540
- (609) 924-9260
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Agricola Community Eatery
- Stocked with organically grown ingredients, the flavors of Agricola Community Eatery are fresh and unique.
- 11 Witherspoon Street, Princeton, NJ 08542
- Agricola site
- (609) 921-2798
Mediterra Restaurant and Taverna
- Upscale restaurant with a Mediterranean vibe; perfect for an evening out. The excellent food is complemented by the atmosphere. If you choose to sit outside, you’ll have a lovely set of lights overhead and a fountain nearby.
- 29 Hulfish Street, Princeton, NJ 08542
- Mediterra site
- (609) 252-9680
- Upscale fusion cuisine.
- 66 Witherspoon Street, Princeton, NJ 08542
- Mistral site
- (609) 688-8808
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Drinks, dessert, etc.
Alchemist & Barrister
- A cozy pub tucked into the streets of Princeton, A&B allows you to sit outside or in, and is well-known for its Tiger Burger. $$ (price range: $11-30)
- 28 Witherspoon Street, Princeton, NJ 08542
- A&B site
- (609) 924-5555
The Bent Spoon
- You may have to wait in line for their ice cream, but it’s worth it. Vegan friendly. $$ (price range: moderate)
- 35 Palmer Square West, Princeton, NJ 08542
- Bent Spoon site
- (609) 924-2368
Chez Alice Gourmet Cafe & Bakery
- $$ (price range: moderate)
- 5 Palmer Square West, Princeton, NJ 08542
- Chez Alice site
- (609) 921-6760
House of Cupcakes
- Winner of TV’s Cupcake Wars, stop by House of Cupcakes for a wide variety of flavors and scents to satisfy your sweet tooth. $$ (price range: moderate)
- 32 Witherspoon Street, Princeton, NJ 08542
- House of Cupcakes site
- (609) 924-0085
Small World Coffee
- Princeton’s favorite local coffee shop. Cash only. $ (price range: inexpensive)
- 14 Witherspoon Street, Princeton, NJ 08540
- Small World site
- (609) 924-4377 ext. 2
Triumph Brewing Company
- Restaurant, bar, microbrewery. $$ (price range: $11-30)
- 138 Nassau Street, Princeton, NJ 08542
- Triumph site
- (609) 924-7855
Yankee Doodle Tap Room
- Located at the Nassau Inn, the Yankee Doodle Tap Room is a convenient option for hotel guests. $$ (price range: $11-30)
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Princeton University Art Museum
- Saturday and Sunday from 2:00pm to 3:00pm: The museum offers a free one-hour highlights tour of its collections.
- McCormick Hall
- Princeton Art Museum
- (609) 258-3788
Princeton University Chapel
- Sunday at 10:00am: Ecumenical worship service.
- Chapel site
McCarter Theatre Center
- McCarter hosts a multitude of events from professional touring companies to annual events to Princeton University performance groups. Saturday, June 13, at 7:00pm: A performance of Mozart’s Marriage of Figaro is scheduled (3.5 hours).
- 91 University Place, Princeton, NJ 08540
- McCarter site
- (609) 258-2787
- The first building to be constructed on Princeton University’s campus, Nassau Hall carries the history and import of the university. Located on the building’s exterior walls are class plaques to mark the departure of each graduating class.
- Princeton University’s main library. Conference participants will be allowed into Firestone and branch libraries by showing their conference name badge.
- These gardens, nestled in the heart of the university campus, are located outside Prospect House, the one-time home of President Woodrow Wilson.
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Grounds for Sculpture
- If you’re feeling adventurous (and have access to a car), the Grounds for Sculpture contains unique contemporary outdoor sculptures spread out over 42 acres.
- 80 Sculptures Way, Hamilton Township, NJ 08619
- Grounds for Sculpture site
- (609) 586-0616
- The final resting place for a President and a Vice President of the United States, most of the Presidents of the College of New Jersey/Princeton University and the Princeton Theological Seminary. Scattered throughout the cemetery are the graves of soldiers beginning with the Revolutionary War, professors, politicians, musicians, scientists, business executives, writers, a Nobel Laureate, a winner of Pulitzer Prizes as well as those who have called the Princeton area home.
- 29 Greenview Avenue, Princeton, NJ 08540
- Princeton Cemetery site
- (609) 924-1369
Princeton Garden Theatre
- Nonprofit, arthouse cinema.
- 160 Nassau Street, Princeton, NJ 08542
- Garden Theatre site
- (609) 279-1999
Princeton Public Library
- According to Wikipedia, the most visited municipal public library in New Jersey, with over 860,000 annual visitors. Just around the corner from the Nassau Inn.
- 65 Witherspoon Street, Princeton, NJ 08542
- Princeton Public Library site
- (609) 924-9529
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